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Delusion pertaining to marriage and age of Lord Rama and Maa Sita

Recently there had been some controversies following the age of Maa Sita at the time of her marriage. Well there is no documented fact regarding this but scholars have tried to find the approximate age based on some of the couplets (sholka) and verses (chand).



After my post on this issue on my blog, one of the blogger friend suggested to put the same information in English, for those readers who might not be well versed with devnagri script.



It has been hundred of thousands of years when the great vedas and holy books pertaining to Hindu mythology were written. They have prevailing since or even before mankind. There has been huge transformation from the initial couplets which were been written on dry leaves, to the one being hand written on paper followed by printing on mass printing machines and now available on the internet. During this transformation there are ought to be changes in the original scripts, even though the essence might remain same in most cases. One of the reason for change can be attributed to people who claim to be intelligent enough distorted the facts for their own name, fame etc, or it can be due to mistakes which in modern era are termed as typographic error. So what we read is certainly not precisely word to word same what might have been written by those great sages. As we all know, at times one blank space here and there can distort the whole meaning what the writer wants to convey. And I believe that these are probably are the principal cause for such confusions prevailing today.


Birth of Lord Ram :

As per Valmiki and Tulsi Ramayan, Lord Ram was born on the ninth day of "Chaitra Shukl Paksha". Computer calculation reveals this date to be February 21, 5115 BC. Hence the birth of Lord Rama took place around 7125 years ago.




The Legend of Vishwamitra :


At the tender age of 16 he followed Sage Vishwamitra to fight with demons who used to create hurdles to hermit during his religious orison and sermons. This is well documented in Valmiki Ramayan following couplet.



उनषोडशवर्षो में रामो राजीवलोचन: न युद्धयोग्य्तामास्य पश्यामि सह राक्षसौ॥ (वाल्मीक रामायण /बालकाण्ड /सर्ग २० शलोक २)



Here King Dashrath, father of Lord Ram, is telling the hermit that Ram is only 16 and how can you expect him to fight with such demons।



After leaving with Vishwamitra and cleansing the evils, Lord followed him to Janakpuri where he eventually married Jaanki or Maa Sita.

There are only a few couplets in Valmiki Ramayan which describes something about the age of Mother Sita. These are



उषित्वा द्वा दश समाः इक्ष्वाकुणाम निवेशने | भुंजाना मानुषान भोगत सेव काम समृद्धिनी || ३-४७-४ ||
मम भर्ता महातेजा वयसा पंच विंशक ||३-४७-१० ब ||
अष्टा दश हि वर्षिणी नान जन्मनि गण्यते ||३-४७-११ अ ||


Here, in the first couplet, mother Sita is saving to Ravan, that she had been in Ikshwaku dynasty of King Dashrath for two years and got all the materialistic pleasure available for human kind.

Here, in the first couplet, mother Sita is saving to Ravan, that she had been in Ikshwaku dynasty of King Dashrath for two years and got all the materialistic pleasure available for human kind.
In the next one she says that when Lord Ram left for exile, his age was 25 years. And finally she iterate that she was 18 years at that time.

This concludes that Mother Sita left for exile with Lord Ram at the age of 18 and before that she was in Ayodhya for around 2 years meaning she was married somewhere at the age of 16.

The reason for confusion is that the word द्वा दश (Dwa Dash) is understood as one word by many scholars. If we read द्वादश (dwadash) as one word it becomes twelve. However if द्वा दश (Dwa dash) is read separately it conveys two years at King Dashrath place. Dwa is two and Dash represents Dashrath.

Hindi has got this peculiar advantage that if we shift the space just by one word the meaning of whole sentence changes. Say for example one want to say that "उस समय छोटे बच्चो को कमरे में बंद रखा जाता था" (Us samay chote baccho ko kamre mein band rkha jaata tha). This means that at that time kids were kept close in the room. However now if we shift the space by just one word बंद रखा (band rkha) becomes बंदर खा (bandar kha) and the sentence now becomes "उस समय छोटे बच्चो को कमरे में बंदर खा जाता था" Now this sentence means "That time smaill kids were eaten by monkey in the room".

So "band rkha" and "bandar kha" can change the whole essence of the sentence similar is the case with Dwa-dash and Dwadash here.


Tulsidaasji in Raamcharitmanas has also mentioned mother Sita was a teen rather than a kid. In Pushpwatika episode babaji has written "संग सखीं सब सुभग सयानीं। गावहिं गीत मनोहर बानीं" (Sang Sakhi sab subhag sayani, gawahi geet manohar vaani). Sayani in hindi refers to mature adult and not to kids.


So with all these in mind it is clear that due to lack of our understanding such things do arise which only reflects our handicap in understanding things with reference to context.

4 comments:

संजय बेंगाणी said...

thanks

पी.सी.गोदियाल said...

Thats gr8 Bhavesh ji, These mentally underdeveloped parasites religious muslims and christians should be given befitting reply in this way.

Utkarsh Naithani said...

What's your thought then of Sunder Kand (33/17&18)
Not only Seeta tell Hanuman Dwadash samaa again.
In 18th shlok she ALSO says 'Tatr Trayodashe Varshe'
They had to leave for Vanvas.
How would we explain This now?

Bharathi Suta said...

I think we are confusing two different issues altogether. Shri Ram and Sitaji had what we would call a "child marriage"---viz BOTH of them were children at time of marriage. This was common in India even till the 20th century. Ex: Shivaji and his first wife Saibai were also married as children. In a child marriage, both children live together as close friends till they reach puberty. The marriage itself is not consummated till then. That was the tradition of the time.

This is completely different from the case of Mohammed (the founder of Islam). He was 50 when he married Aisha who was 6. Further, the marriage was consummated when Aisha was 9, and Mohammed was 53/54. That is called paedophilia, when a grown man has physical relations with a below-puberty girl.

We should not confuse two very different issues. Lord Ram and Sitaji were married as children, just like most people used to be in India a few generations back.

There are good movies made on this topic also: see Balika Vadhu for example, that explains this style of marriage. The couple lives in one house, as best friends. They grow emotionally close. Later, when they both reach puberty, they realize that there is also a physical aspect to marriage. But both are roughly same age (with boy being slightly older). That's completely different from case of Mohammed---an old man who had sexual relations with a little girl. Please do not confuse these two issues.